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Atresia

Abstract

Atresia is a condition in which an orifice or passage in the body is (usually abnormally) closed or absent.

Examples of atresia include:

- Biliary atresia, a condition in newborns in which the common bile duct between the liver and the small intestine is blocked or absent.

- Choanal atresia, blockage of the back of the nasal passage, usually by abnormal bony or soft tissue.

- Esophageal atresia, which affects the alimentary tract and causes the esophagus to end before connecting normally to the stomach.

- Imperforate anus, malformation of the opening between the rectum and anus.

- Intestinal atresia, malformation of the intestine, usually resulting from a vascular accident in utero.

- Microtia, absence of the ear canal or failure of the canal to be tubular or fully formed (can be related to Microtia, a congenital deformity of the pinna, or outer ear).

- Ovarian follicle atresia, the degeneration and subsequent resorption of one or more immature ovarian follicles.

- Potter sequence, congenital decreased size of the kidney leading to absolutely no functionality of the kidney, usually related to a single kidney.

- Pulmonary atresia, malformation of the pulmonary valve in which the valve orifice fails to develop.

- Renal agenesis, only having one kidney.

- Tricuspid atresia, a form of congenital heart disease whereby there is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve, and consequently an absence of the right atrioventricular connection.

- Vaginal atresia, a congenital occlusion of the vagina or subsequent adhesion of the walls of the vagina, resulting in its occlusion.