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Condylar resorption

Abstract

Condylar resorption, also called idiopathic condylar resorption, ICR, and condylysis, is a temporomandibular joint disorder in which one or both of the mandibular condyles are broken down in a bone resorption process. This disorder is nine times more likely to be present in females than males, and is more common among teenagers.

Symptoms

Symptoms that may be associated with condylar resorption include:

- Occlusion

- Anterior open bite

- Receding chin

- Clicking or popping when opening or closing the jaw

- Pain when opening or closing the jaw

- Limited jaw mobility

Causes

Condylar resorption is an idiopathic condition, though there are some theories relating to its possible cause. Because condylar resorption is more likely to be in young females, hormonal mediation may be involved. Strain on the temporomandibular joint from orthodontics or orthognathic surgery may be related to the condition. Reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis are other possible causes.

Treatments

Treatment of condylar resorption is controversial. Orthognathic surgery may be done to reconstruct and stabilize the condyles and disc of the temporomandibular joint. Anti-infammatory medication is also used to slow the resorption process. Orthodontics may be used to treat the occlusion. Arthrocentesis, and arthroscopic surgery are also sometimes used to treat disc displacement and other symptoms.